南華大學九十一學年度第一學期課程教學綱要

科目名稱:國際法專題研究                  科目代號:500000002

英文名稱:Seminar on International Law          授課教師:孫國祥

開課單位

社會科學院

上課教室

S212

   3

授課時間

星期二 8-10

修別

選修

 教學目標

本課程為社會科學院對國際公法有興趣的所有研究生開設,其中特別對於有志參加國家考試和攻讀博士學位者更希望有所助益,因此,本課程希望深入淺出的探討國際法的內涵,並且介紹當前國際法的發展以及其對人類生活方式的影響。

課程綱要:(含每週授課進度)

Traditionally, international law expressed the relationship among sovereign nations. A combination of written treaties, other written agreements, the traditions of war, and of diplomacy, international law placed some limits on the conduct of nations. However, international law has been the subject of numerous critics, ranging from those who question whether it is law at all, to those who claim that international law reflects only the interests of dominant, developed nations.

Three major developments in the 20th century have permanently changed the structure and practice of international law:

1.The winding down of the colonial era, creating the rise of a large number of new sovereign nations, all asserting full sovereign rights in the international system.

2.The Second World War, which accelerated the end of colonialism, brought genocide to worldwide attention, and began the atomic age. These events led to the assertion of individuals as actors in international law, and resulted in the enhanced role of intergovernmental organizations and nongovernmental organizations.

3.The rise and fall of the Soviet Union. Its impact on the application of international law profoundly affected the course of 20th century history.

A fourth development that is just now beginning to affect existing international law is the beginning of the information age.

This purpose of this course is to examine the tools of public international law in the post-Cold War world. We will study the traditional tools of international law to determine the tools that are still relevant to the relationships among nations. We will also study the newer methods of creating effective international law. The course will be divided into four sections:

1.The International Legal System and its Institutions

2.The Reach of Sovereign Power

3.Individuals and Human Rights

4.The Developing Law of the Commons.

Throughout the course, we will attempt to examine whether international law is relevant, effective, and enforceable. We will also work to predict the direction international law will evolve in the next few decades.

 

September 24: Course Introduction/Topics

Is international law really law? Read in class: Spiro, "States that Flout World Opinion May Incur Loss."

 

October 1: Vacation

October 8: Historical Background/Historical Influences

Reading: For Background, Read Akehurst 1-7, and Huntington, "The Clash of Civilizations," (FA). Optional, Akehurst 9-34, Kirgis, Enforcing International Law.

October 15: Sources of International Law

Treaties, Custom, General Principles

Reading: Akehurst, 35-62.

October 22: Sources of International Law

International Organizations

Explore the WTO site and the ITU site. Reading: Akehurst, 91-108.

October 29: International Law and National Law

Reading: Akehurst 63-74. Kirgis, International Agreements and U.S. Law.

November 5: International Legal Institutions

The United Nations

Read: Akehurst, 364-384, Eban, "The U.N. Idea Revisited," (FA). Explore the Official U.N. Web site. Optional: See the Global Policy Forum site.

The International Court of Justice, The International Criminal Court (pending)

Rading: Akehurst, 273-305. Explore the ICJ site at Cornell Law School. "Rome Treaty Marks Historic Moment in International Criminal Law."

November 12: The Expanding Role of Non-Governmental Organizations

Reading: Matthews, "Power Shift," (FA), Slaughter, "The Real New World Order," (FA). Read "Power Shift" first.

Assignment: Choose the web site of one of the NGOs influential in the international community, such as the ICRC, Amnesty International, the World Wildlife Fund, or Human Rights Watch. Come prepared to discuss the ways these groups influence the process of making international law, and the impact these groups have on the enforcement of international law.

November 19: Sovereignty

Recognition of States, Powers

Reading: Akehurst 75-90, 161-172.

Assignment: Look at the listing of nations and dependencies at Independent States in the World. Are there any surprises? Is the list consistent with international legal criteria?

State Succession, Self-determination

Reading: Kirgis, "Degrees of Self-Determination in the U.N. Era," (FA), Gottlieb, "Nations Without States," (FA).

November 26: Jurisdiction

Principles of Jurisdiction

Reading: Akehurst 109-117

Extraterritoriality

Assignment: Come to class with information about the Helms-Burton Act or the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act. Be prepared to discuss how far U.S. law should reach, and what other nations can do when faced with extraterritorial U.S. legislation.

Extradition, Immunity

Reading: Akehurst 118-129, "Extradition from Canada," U.S. v. Alvarez-Machain (handout), The Noriega Case.

Assignment: Come to class with a recent example of a controversial extradition case. What made the case so controversial?

December 3: Human Rights

Foundations

Reading: Akehurst 209-221. U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), and For The Record 1997: The U.N. Human Rights System.

December 10: Human Rights

Enforcement Regimes

Reading: Zakaria, "A Conversation With Lee Kuan Yew," (FA) and Kim Dae Jung, "Is Culture Destiny," (FA). Human Rights Dialogue.

Diane Chang, Senior VP, Manufacturing, J. Crew.

Readings: TBA

Readings: TBA

December 17: Law of the Sea

Reading: Akehurst, 173-197. For the science and politics, see Seaweb. Also review the U.N. Oceans and Law of the Sea. Finish Cod, and be ready to talk about it in class.

December 24: Law of Airspace and Outerspace

Reading: Akehurst, 198-208.

December 31: The Developing International Law of Cyberspace

Reading: Wriston, "Technology and Sovereignty," (FA).

January 7, 2002: Traditional and Emerging Environmental Principles

Reading: Akehurst, 241-253. Sands, "The Greening of International Law: Emerging Principles and Rules."

Choose one of the following issues and be prepared to discuss the state of the law in class: Ozone Depletion, Global Warming, Biodiversity, Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, or Free Trade and the Environment.. One good resource is the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL).

 

講授方式

教師課堂講授

課程其它

特色(可略)

 

教材教具

電腦、網際網路、單槍投影機

主要參考

   

丘宏達,《現代國際法》(台北:三民,1993年)。

陳治世,《政治學》。

蘇義雄,《平時國際法》。

俞寬賜,《新世紀國際法》。

黃異,《國際法》。

I A Shearer, Starke's International Law (Sydney: Butterworths, 1994).

Malcolm N. Shaw, International Law (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

成績考核

   

課堂報告: 25  %   討論參與: 20   %

學期報告: 30  %   網路作業: 25   %

  

1.主要參考書籍請依作者、書名、出版處所、時間次序撰寫。

2.講授大綱及成績評量方式請務必於第一週上課時向學生充分說明。